Don’t Try To Be Patrick Mahomes

I lost count of how many times the announcers on Sunday night’s football game discussed the injury that Chiefs quarterback (and best player in the world) Patrick Mahomes played with.

He suffered a high ankle sprain just 8 days earlier and as a sports physical therapist here in McLean and Bethesda, I was blown away by how well he was able to play.

A high ankle sprain occurs when the ligaments that connect the tibia and fibula (the two bones in the lower leg) are stretched or torn. It is a more severe injury than a standard, or low ankle sprain, and takes longer to heal. Symptoms include pain, swelling, and difficulty bearing weight on the injured leg.

High ankle sprains typically take 6-8 weeks to heal and even longer to return to sport. It also involves a great deal of physical therapy and rehabilitation. At our McLean and Bethesda clinics, we typically work with athletes for 2-3 months after suffering a high ankle sprain.

I am not saying that Mahomes shouldn’t have played. As with all medical decisions, it is a risk vs. reward calculation.

By playing hurt, Mahomes risked re-injuring the ankle, causing further damage and increased the chances of developing chronic ankle issues. However, the reward is that he was able to lead his team to the Superbowl.

Mahomes determined that the reward outweighed the risk.

But we aren’t Patrick Mahomes and don’t have access to the same medical treatment (physical therapists, athletic trainers, doctors, etc.). The risk of “playing hurt” does not have the same reward (I didn’t even mention the 10-year contract he signed in 2020).

If you had an injury and are tired of sitting on the sidelines, first consult with a medical professional. As physical therapists we will help you understand your injury/pain and provide guidance on how to safely return to exercise or sport.

Once you have a better understanding of your injury, it is time to focus on your return.

The most challenging thing is learning where to start. What workout should I begin with? How much practice can I participate in?

Start small and build from there. Be conservative and make your first workout or practice easy. You can always build from there.

Every training session or practice should increase in volume and intensity in a progressive, step by step fashion. This pushes your body to adapt to more stress over time without pushing things too far, resulting in injury.

Don’t try to be Patrick Mahomes by modeling what you see on TV.

I spent the early stages of my career working with professional athletes.

Professional athletes are different. They recover faster, heal faster, and use pain killers that I do not recommend using to stay on the field.

We only see what is shown to us on TV. Ever seen a football player in their 50s?!

CHP Spotlight Interview with Orthopedic Surgeon, Dr. Ronald Paik

I recently had the pleasure of interviewing Dr. Ronald Paik from the Nirschl Orthopaedic Center on the latest edition of the CHP Spotlight Interview Series. The mission of the CHP Spotlight Interview Series is to share information with you from the greatest experts in the fields of sports medicine, sports physical therapy, personal training, and performance. Now, more than ever, there is a seemingly infinite amount of information available and finding the most credible information is a challenge. The good news is that we are here to help you find the best information related to physical therapy, personal training, and sports medicine from experts surrounding us in Bethesda, Chevy Chase, DC, McLean and Northern Virginia.

If you or someone you love has had a shoulder, elbow or knee injury, don’t miss this interview! Dr. Paik explains what you can do if you have experienced a shoulder, elbow or knee injury and what risk factors you can address right now to reduce your risk of injury. He goes on to share when surgery may be appropriate and when conservative options like physical therapy are a better choice. If you are a baseball player, field sport athlete, or weekend warrior, this is for you.

Dr. Paik is an orthopedic surgeon and sports medicine physician specializing in treating complex disorders of the shoulder, elbow, and knee. His goal is to pursue non-operative treatments, like physical therapy when possible, but he is experienced in advanced arthroscopic procedures, surgical repair and reconstruction, and total joint replacements.

To learn more about Dr. Paik, click here and check out our interview below!

I Wish I Didn’t Hear This At The Gym

“It will hurt your knees if they go past your toes.”

I was recently exercising in the gym close to 2 young men performing barbell squats. I even heard one say that they just finished going to physical therapy and I hope that the following information didn’t come from their physical therapist…

One of them (let’s call him lifter 1) finished a set of squats and was chatting with the other (let’s call him lifter 2). I overheard Lifter 2 tell Lifter 1 that he shouldn’t let his knees go past his toes when squatting because that is bad for them.

This is a common belief in fitness circles, the personal training industry, and I used to hear it a lot in the physical therapy industry. But it is not true.

Your knees must go over your toes to walk or run. Proper squat technique requires your knees to move far past your toes.

To prevent this, you need to push your hips back and arch your lower back. This places more stress onto your lower back and increases your risk of back pain.

But you may be wondering if pushing your knees past your toes places more stress onto your knees.

It does not! In fact, research has shown that training your knees to go past your toes helps create healthy knees and take stress off your back.

Check out the squatting tutorial below to retrain your squat and your knees to be comfortable going over their toes as they should!

Squat Tutorial

Don’t forget, there is no bad exercise or good exercise. One exercise may be more appropriate for you when compared to another for a variety of factors including your fitness goals, injury history (talk to your physical therapist), unique body traits, and movement capabilities. Keep this in mind when you hear someone make a generalized or “one size fits all” statement about exercise.

Runners, Stop Making This Mistake in Your Training

According to the research, the chances of having a knee injury increase significantly after running for 1000 hours.

Most serious runners pass the 1000-hour mark within 1 year and end up in performance physical therapy clinics like CHP!

Does this mean that “bad knees” are inevitable once you choose to run? No, but it does mean that you must learn how to take care of them.

Running consists of thousands of strides repeated over and over. As a result, any problems with your running technique will add up, potentially contributing to injury.

Even if you are not a serious runner, you are likely approaching the 1000-hour running mark.

Does this mean that you are a ticking time bomb, ready to explode? Probably not if you are strength training and working on improving your running technique.

Strength Training

Implementing strength training into a consistent exercise routine has been shown to make you a more efficient runner. This means that you use less energy to run a given amount of time and as a result, are less fatigued. Less fatigue=less risk of injury.  For this reason, becoming a more efficient runner is an essential part of the sports physical therapy process.

Research also shows that regular strength training improves a runner’s speed and VO2 max. VO2 max is a measure of the amount of oxygen that you can use during exercise. When you can use more oxygen as you run, you will run farther, faster!

Just remember, every runner is unique. Even if you have a running partner with the same routine, you both have unique characteristics and needs to address in a strength training program. Your strength training program must be unique to you. Cookie cutter programs don’t cut it!

Running Technique

Think of the last time that you went out for a run. Were you thinking about every stride you took? Were you aware of your foot strike? I highly doubt it!

Running is an automatic pattern that does not require conscious thought to perform. Most people listen to music or podcasts. We couldn’t do that if we needed to focus on how to run.

Unfortunately, this also means that you may be repeating the same bad pattern over and over without realizing your mistake, until it is too late. One of the most common mistakes occurs with a runners foot strike position. Runners often contact the ground in front of the body which puts more stress on the body.

Foot strike position is dependent on your body dimensions (such as limb length).

We can’t change your anatomy, but we can change the position, aka the posture, of our bodies. This is often the first step of the physical therapy process for a runner!

A “stacked” posture will change your foot strike so that it occurs directly underneath the body. This results in a more efficient stride and less stress to the body. To learn about the stack, check out a previous article that I wrote on Learn to Stack Like a Snowman.

Attempt the drill below to feel what it is like to have a stacked posture while running.

  • Grab a partner and ask him/her/they to stand behind you (you are also standing)
  • Have your partner press down on your shoulders with a moderate amount of force and do not let them squish you
  • As you resist them you should feel your abs engage and feel as if you are standing tall
  • Next, attempt to shift your weight onto 1 leg and pick up your opposite foot while resisting the force of your partner
  • Try the other leg

For a video on this drill, click here.

After performing this drill, you should have a better sense of your optimal running posture. Try to replicate this feeling the next time you go on a run!

This Made Me Roll My Eyes

The medical profession, sports physical therapy included, is good at giving out bandaids.

To illustrate this point, let me tell you a story about my best friend.  He lives in LA and takes advantage of all it has to offer. The guy can’t sit still. He hops in the ocean to go open water swimming in the morning and goes on hikes or trail runs in the evenings/weekends. 75 degrees and sunny every day must be nice…

On another beautiful, 75-degree day, he was running on a dirt trail to the top of Runyon Canyon and suddenly felt a sharp pain in the inside of his right knee. As he kept running, the pain increased. He decided to turn around, limp down the trail, and make an appointment with his Doctor. He saw his Doctor the next week and was told to take Advil and “take it easy”. This was when he called his favorite performance physical therapist…

My friend has known me since I was 10 years old and could feel me rolling my eyes.

Have you ever been told only to rest as a solution to an injury? This isn’t bad advice but it is a band-aid. It stops the bleeding without solving the reason the bleeding is occurring in the first place!

Pain occurs when the amount of stress placed upon the body exceeds the body’s tolerance of it.

So what is causing this stress to accumulate? It could be over-training, insufficient sleep, poor nutrition or a variety of other factors. Most likely it is a combination of many different things.

The root cause of pain must be addressed if you hope to feel better, stay better, and exercise consistently.

It is essential for your Doctor or Performance Physical Therapist to answer these questions and provide a plan to address them. If you are ready to finally solve the root causes of your pain and injury, contact us now!

What a Runny Nose and Your Pain Have in Common

Do you remember the last time that you caught a cold, the flu, or had Covid? If you are like me, you build a mountain of dirty tissues to keep your snot under control. Meanwhile, the little bug causing it runs around your body, creating chaos.

The pain you feel when exercising is a lot like your runny nose. Pain is a symptom of a larger issue and the key to finally fixing it is to correct that root cause.

Unfortunately, I find that most athletic physical therapy treatment for focuses on the symptoms, rather than the reasons the symptoms started in the first place. We wouldn’t blow our nose all day without taking medicine to kill the bug causing it, would we?!

At Cohen Health and Performance, the goal of every patient’s first performance physical therapy appointment at our Bethesda or McLean location is to discover the root cause of their symptoms. Once this has been identified, our physical therapists create a rehabilitation plan that is customized for every person that we see. Every person is different, with different reasons for an injury and different goals. If your physical therapist has a cookie cutter plan that they use for every patient with low back pain, for example, find another physical therapist!

How do you know if your physical therapy plan is a good one?

The end goals of the rehabilitation plan should be YOUR goals, not the goals of the physical therapist. The physical therapist should clearly describe how your plan is going to get you back to the activities that are most important to you, not what the insurance company wants to see.

For example, we help many runners overcome injury. Their first physical therapy appointment includes a running analysis if they are able to do so. Their rehabilitation plan then includes drills that will help them get back running ASAP. Below is an example of an exercise that we may give a runner with knee pain to prepare them for the stress of their training.


It is easy for physical therapy to become focused on outcomes that insurance companies want to see because that is what is required to get paid. This is why we advise our patients to look for a physical therapy clinic that works for their patients, not insurance companies!